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Jotirao Phule

-P. K. Satapathy

1 . Introduction

Jotirao Phule is now regarded as a serious social reformer of nineteenth century Maharashtra. However , during his life span, he was typically accused of fermenting hatred between the nonbrahmins with his far-fetched interpretation of Indian background the historic texts. His critics manufactured fun of his deficiency of command more than grammar and philosophy. Jotirao Phule's acidulent criticism in the Brahmins, for obvious factors, did not win him many friends in upper parts of society or perhaps administration. But it really certainly designated the beginning of an issue to the top caste dominance, superiority in contemporary society.

In this lessons, however , we need to focus on the extract 'Caste Laws' and try to understand the drive of Phule's social reforms agenda. We shall discuss the concepts Phule deploys in the arguments trying to appreciate the alternate point of view that he brings to bear upon the peuple system.

We all know that the famille system in India (often Jati in most of North India) has existed for a long time. It is out there even now even though not in as acute a form in cities as in villages. The rigidity and practice of caste may vary from state to state and region to region. But the reality in the caste product is undeniable. A review of the matrimonial column of any leading newspaper will reinforce these kinds of points. The recent concern of booking for OBC's in higher education clearly indicated that despite the claim to modernity, development and our desire to play a leadership part in the global arena, we now have failed to free our world from the obnoxious practice of caste. Devoid of going into the merits with the issue of reservation we could safely declare there is a ought to examine the issue of caste and, if possible, make an effort to reform each of our society much more, so that almost all men are treated with dignity and equality. We will now go forward and look at Phule's 'Caste Laws'.

installment payments on your Caste Regulations

It has long been pointed out that the current essay, 'Caste Laws" is usually an draw out from the preface to the book 'Slavery' printed in 1873. This book (Gulamgiri) remains Jotirao Phule's the majority of influential newsletter till day. The title alone suggests Phule's approach to the main topic of Caste. Phule considered caste and body laws a kind of slavery. Strangely enough the sub-title of the publication is " In the civilized British Govt under the Cloak of Brahminism". Further the page of dedication inside the original publication reads:

Committed to the good people today belonging to the United States as token of admiration for all their sublime disinterested and self-sacrificing devotion inside the cause of Marrano slavery and with a great earnest desire, that my own countrymen might take their commendable example his or her guide inside the emancipation with their Sudra Brethren from the trammels of Forkynder thralldom.

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The subtitle and the dedication help to make two very important points: a.

Phule regarded as caste as a form of slavery perpetuated by the Brahmins which it prospered even within the British Govt. despite its claim to a civilized government.


The emancipation of the Sudra's and Ati Sudra can only come about by a interpersonal movement through the people themselves. Consequently there were a need to awaken the individuals against the interpersonal domination of the Brahmins.

Further, this particular dissertation begins with three quotations which reinforce and add to the points highlighted in the title and the determination. The 1st quotation, via Homer, emphasizes the dehumanizing aspect of slavery. Nothing may be worse than slavery as it robs a man of his virtue and dignity.

The 2nd quotation pulls our attention to the fact that education in India, coming from time immemorial continues to be used to not raise the position of the people, but to 'over-educate' a few in order that the rest are at the mercy of the learned few. The Brahmins enhanced this practice by question education towards the lower groupe as well as ladies. And the British administration do no better by providing education only to some so that they may rely on...