Womens Workers of Bangladesh Garments

Bangladesh's garment industry features

been in the middle of the country's

export rate of growth ever since the first manufacturer

opened in 1976. The industry is growing

dramatically within the last 35 years, and

today makes up about 80% of Bangladesh's

total exports. Nowadays there are 4, 825

garment industries in Bangladesh

employing more than three mil people.

Fully 85% of those workers are women.

The expansion from the garment sector in

Bangladesh was fuelled by the structural

economic reconstructs of the 1980s, which

opened up the Bangladeshi economy to

foreign expenditure, deregulation of markets

and privatisation. The Bangladeshi govt

established tax holidays and the development

of export morceau enabling entrepreneurs to

build or hire bonded facilities in Dhaka

and Chittagong cities. This process was

along with a massive increase of capital

inflows in to the country. Foreign direct

purchase leapt by a mere $2. 4 million

in 1986 to more than $1, 000 , 000, 000 in 2008. 1

Today, one third of foreign direct investment

originates from European firms, principally

through the UK.

Young women will be the driving force with the

Bangladeshi outfit sector. In the 988

women workers interviewed for this report,

86% had been between 18 and 32 years old. This

is these young ladies who provide the

hard labour required to meet the impractical

production focuses on set by Bangladeshi clothing

factories. Companies claim that elderly workers

execute more inadequately and generate more

blunders, and that because of this , they prefer

younger females workers.

As much as 83% in the women staff

interviewed for this report are employed as

regular sewing operators, and nearly 10% as ‘helpers'.

These are the cheapest paid jobs in the industry.

Women in both positions undertake manual

work and the level of education can be low: of

the 988 interviewees, only 22% got obtained

their particular higher supplementary certificate. Though

men represent just 15% of the workforce

in the clothing industry, they will perform the

better paid jobs including general managers,

production managers, line managers and

supervisors. This demonstrates the gendered

division of labour within the market, with

ladies only capable of access decrease paid jobs.

The Cosmetic of Bangladesh guarantees

the same rights to women and men, and national

laws and regulations are set up to safeguard ladies

rights. One of these is the 06\ Bangladesh

Work Law, which in turn protects the essential

rights of women workers, such as the

right to maternity leave. 2 At the foreign

level, Bangladesh has ratified the ALGUN

Convention within the Elimination of

Forms of Splendour Against Women

(CEDAW), and ILO Conference

111 in Discrimination in Employment

and Occupation.

The reality is that, in spite of such legal guidelines,

women workers' rights are ignored.

Women workers carry out poorly paid out jobs,

confront severe labour rights violations and do

certainly not enjoy all their legal entitlements. Statutory

maternity rights hardly ever provided,

overtime, however, is required and exceedingly long

working days add to the burden of domestic

tasks, denying ladies any relax

periods or time with the children.

The expansion of Bangladesh's garment

industry has been characterised by low

wages, poor enforcement of labour

legislation and the accessibility to a large

pool area of not skilled women employees. While

some have seen the ‘feminisation' of the

clothing sector like a positive step towards

can certainly emancipation, this has only

happened in a remarkably exploitative circumstance.

This survey seeks to show the continuing

violation of ladies workers' rights in

the Bangladeshi garment industry, and to

highlight the struggle of the numerous thousands

of ladies who have beat oppression

to fight for their particular rights.

Sewn Up Girls workers inside the Bangladeshi outfit sector

Bangladesh's garment inAs a result of sustained campaigning by women employees and other control

unionists in Bangladesh, the minimum

salary for outfit workers was

raised this season for the first time in...



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