Bangladesh's garment industry features
been in the middle of the country's
export rate of growth ever since the first manufacturer
opened in 1976. The industry is growing
dramatically within the last 35 years, and
today makes up about 80% of Bangladesh's
total exports. Nowadays there are 4, 825
garment industries in Bangladesh
employing more than three mil people.
Fully 85% of those workers are women.
The expansion from the garment sector in
Bangladesh was fuelled by the structural
economic reconstructs of the 1980s, which
opened up the Bangladeshi economy to
foreign expenditure, deregulation of markets
and privatisation. The Bangladeshi govt
established tax holidays and the development
of export morceau enabling entrepreneurs to
build or hire bonded facilities in Dhaka
and Chittagong cities. This process was
along with a massive increase of capital
inflows in to the country. Foreign direct
purchase leapt by a mere $2. 4 million
in 1986 to more than $1, 000 , 000, 000 in 2008. 1
Today, one third of foreign direct investment
originates from European firms, principally
through the UK.
Young women will be the driving force with the
Bangladeshi outfit sector. In the 988
women workers interviewed for this report,
86% had been between 18 and 32 years old. This
is these young ladies who provide the
hard labour required to meet the impractical
production focuses on set by Bangladeshi clothing
factories. Companies claim that elderly workers
execute more inadequately and generate more
blunders, and that because of this , they prefer
younger females workers.
As much as 83% in the women staff
interviewed for this report are employed as
regular sewing operators, and nearly 10% as вЂhelpers'.
These are the cheapest paid jobs in the industry.
Women in both positions undertake manual
work and the level of education can be low: of
the 988 interviewees, only 22% got obtained
their particular higher supplementary certificate. Though
men represent just 15% of the workforce
in the clothing industry, they will perform the
better paid jobs including general managers,
production managers, line managers and
supervisors. This demonstrates the gendered
division of labour within the market, with
ladies only capable of access decrease paid jobs.
The Cosmetic of Bangladesh guarantees
the same rights to women and men, and national
laws and regulations are set up to safeguard ladies
rights. One of these is the 06\ Bangladesh
Work Law, which in turn protects the essential
rights of women workers, such as the
right to maternity leave. 2 At the foreign
level, Bangladesh has ratified the ALGUN
Convention within the Elimination of
Forms of Splendour Against Women
(CEDAW), and ILO Conference
111 in Discrimination in Employment
The reality is that, in spite of such legal guidelines,
women workers' rights are ignored.
Women workers carry out poorly paid out jobs,
confront severe labour rights violations and do
certainly not enjoy all their legal entitlements. Statutory
maternity rights hardly ever provided,
overtime, however, is required and exceedingly long
working days add to the burden of domestic
tasks, denying ladies any relax
periods or time with the children.
The expansion of Bangladesh's garment
industry has been characterised by low
wages, poor enforcement of labour
legislation and the accessibility to a large
pool area of not skilled women employees. While
some have seen the вЂfeminisation' of the
clothing sector like a positive step towards
can certainly emancipation, this has only
happened in a remarkably exploitative circumstance.
This survey seeks to show the continuing
violation of ladies workers' rights in
the Bangladeshi garment industry, and to
highlight the struggle of the numerous thousands
of ladies who have beat oppression
to fight for their particular rights.
Sewn Up Girls workers inside the Bangladeshi outfit sector
Bangladesh's garment inAs a result of sustained campaigning by women employees and other control
unionists in Bangladesh, the minimum
salary for outfit workers was
raised this season for the first time in...